Koob ntshav tau muab faib ua:

1. Lub cev tsis sib luag ntawm cov hnoos qeev: feem ntau peb-koob thiab koob hlau cov koob tseem ceeb; Tsho cov tawv nqaij distal lossis lub hauv paus tawv nqaij ntawm tus menyuam mos ko taw kom tau txais ib txoj lw ntshav. Ntshav cov qe thiab biochemical, keeb kwm, microbiological, virological thiab kev tshuaj ntsuam genetic ntsuas; Nws yog qhov ntau heev. Nrog rau qhov nrov tshaj tawm cov khoom siv niaj hnub nrhiav thiab txhais tau. Nws yog nws kim heev uas nws yuav maj mam hloov ntau feem ntau ntawm kev ntsuam xyuas rau cov ntshav txhaws.

2. Kev ntsuas cov ntshav ntawm txoj hlab ntshav: tsim txoj kev hla ntawm tib neeg cov hlab ntsha mus rau lub ntiaj teb sab nraud los ntawm kev sib nkag siab, thiab tom qab ntawd sau cov ntshav kuaj nrog lub siab ntsuas tsis ntim lub thawv (rau cov khoom sib txawv, cov ntsuas kev ntsuas tsis zoo uas muaj ntau qhov tshwj xeeb tuaj yeem siv - ntau yam tshuaj ntxiv yog qhov tau npaj tseg ua ntej muab ntim rau qhov ua kom ntxov ua ntej ntawm cov hnoos qeev); Piv txwv, anticoagulation, coagulation nrawm, thiab lwm yam.; Raws li tus qauv, cov ntshav sib sau ua ke koob tau muab faib ua ob pawg: cwj mem roj ntshav sau cov koob thiab koob hom koob nrhiav koob. Txawv teb chaws mus rau cwj mem - raws li rab koob, thaj av loj tau sib faib - hom.

3. Artery ntshav sam thiaj koob: Hais lus nruj me ntsis, nws yog kev txhim kho cov leeg hlab ntsha, cov leeg ntshav thiab nws cov khoom nqus tau ua tiav hauv qhov chaw kaw; Los ntawm qhov kev pom ntawm tus qauv, nws yog kev ua tiav tiav nrog txaws, uas kaw cov koob lub taub hau sai sai tom qab khaws. Txhawm rau kom tswj cov hlab ntshav cov ntshav ntawm txhua hom kev yaj ntawm lwm cov ntsiab lus tsis hloov pauv. Ua cov roj cov ntshav tsom, kom nkag siab lub plawv ua haujlwm.

Los ntawm cov kev nkag siab saum toj no, tuaj yeem hais meej, yuav ua li cas siv koob txhaj ntshav:

1, subcutaneous cov ntshav khaws koob koob: tom qab hno cov tawv nqaij ua kom tiav, ntiv tes tuav lub subcutaneous cov ntshav sib sau ua ke rau hauv cov nqaij mos subcutaneous, qhov nruab nrab qhov tob txog 1-3 hli (nyob ntawm tus neeg mob hnub nyoog, daim tawv nqaij thiab daim ntaub), thiab tom qab ntawd siv tus ntiv tes nyem qhov chaw punctured, nyem tawm qhov tso ntshav tawm (tsis txhob poob), siv qhov tsis zoo siab lub pob suction capillary nqus, thiab tom qab ntawd hloov mus rau lub ntsuas qhov ntsuas lossis swb ntu cov pas dej ua ke hniav txheej, dyeing tshuaj ntsuam; Hauv kev siv, ceeb toom: ib tug neeg, ib rab koob, ib qho kev ntxuav tu, ib qho pov tseg pov tseg;

2. Mob ntshav rau txoj kev kuaj ntshav: xaiv txoj leeg muaj ntshav rau txoj kev tua kab hauv zos; Khi txoj hlua khi (ceeb toom: nws tsis yog kev ncig ncig ua si, tsis yog nws lub zog tsav tsheb); Raws li tus neeg mob lub hnub nyoog thiab cov xov tooj ntawm cov hnoos qeev tau sib txawv, tau xaiv cov koob ntshav sib txawv:(cwj mem koob koob yuav tsum tau xaiv yog tias tus lej tsawg dua ib lossis peb leeg); Cov laus, cov menyuam yaus tsis koom tes lossis nyias cov hlab ntsha, tuaj yeem xaiv qhov sib cais ntawm cov menyuam; Txoj kab rab koob ntawm lub koob ntsuas ntawm lub koob yuav tsum tsis pub tsawg dua 0.7 hli, txwv tsis pub cov qe ntshav yuav tawg yooj yim thiab "hemolysis" yuav tshwm sim. Tom qab siv tas, rab koob yuav tsum tau muab pov tseg rau hauv lub thawv tshwj xeeb rau kev pov tseg. Ua haujlwm hnyav: ib tus neeg, rab koob, ib qho tshuaj tua kab mob, pov tseg ntawm pov tseg;

3. Txoj kev ntsuas cov ntshav txhaws: (nws yuav tsum yog cov khoom ntsuas ntshav ntawm txoj hlab ntshav): cov tshuaj tua kab mob nruj txhais tau tias thiab ua kom mob qhov nqaij me; Npaj thiab tshaj tawm cov khoom hnav; Tom qab ua tiav ntawm cov leeg nkig, qhov piston ntawm kev txhaj tshuaj yuav raug thawb rov qab los ntawm cov leeg ntshav siab, thiab cov ntshav ntawm cov hlab ntsha yuav tsum tau ua kom sai, xws li daim duab nqus lub tog raj kheej; Tom qab mus txog qhov tau hais tseg ntawm txoj kev tau txhaj tshuaj, rab koob hno tau nrawm nrawm nrawm thiab txhawm rau txhawm rau txhawm rau txhawm rau txhawm los txhawm los ntshav. Tam sim tom qab rub lub koob, thawb lub koob rau hauv cov khoom foob. Tom qab ntawd cov ntshav ntawm lub ntsej muag ntshav tau xa mus rau chav kuaj ntshav kom kuaj sai sai.


Sijhawm Tshaj Tawm: Lub Rau Hli-12-2020